THE PRIMITIVE EXPERIENCE -- STRUGGLES PERTAINING TO RIGHTS AND FREEDOM
_" THROUGHOUT THE SECOND HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY MANY ABORIGINAL PEOPLE HAVE EXPERIENCED STRUGGLES FOR PRIVILEGES AND FREEDOMS. " _
The struggle for Aboriginal and Islander Land Rights is the longest-running political conflict in Australia's history. The issue of Aboriginal land rights in Australia has existed for over 200 years, and the process still has some way to go. Why is land so important to Aboriginal people's history and beliefs? They have maintained their fight for land justice against the odds, and despite a history of continued dispossession and alienation from land. Some significant areas of land and social rights have now been achieved. �
It wasn't until the passing of the Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902 and the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 that Indigenous people were not included as citizens of Australia, and could therefore not vote. When white Australia celebrated 150 years of settlement on January 26 1938, Aboriginal people in Sydney marked it as a Day of Mourning. They_ _stated that there was little for Aboriginal people to celebrate, and mocked the claims of white Australians to be a " civilised, progressive, kindly and humane nation". �
During 1900-1950's, hardships for Aboriginals continued and their push for equal rights and freedom were meaningless to the government. This was shown with the government policy to take Aboriginal children from their families and place them in missions. Once there they would be given new identities and live in a harsh environment where they would be made to live in a 'White mans way' and forget their past culture. This would later be known as the Stolen Generation.
The 1960s saw a lot of transform; but the majority of Aboriginal people in the early twenty-first 100 years might argue that the changes haven�t achieved enough nor come quickly enough, to improve the position of Radical people within Australian society today. The necessity for proper rights and equality by Australia's Indigenous people has been a very long hard struggle.
In 1965, Flexibility Rides were revolutionary. Native and non-Indigenous students from the University of Sydney went around within a bus to country cities of New South Wales to protest against segregation and living conditions of Aboriginal persons. They were extremely successful in enabling media attention, both foreign and nation, which result in mass overview of Australia's Aboriginal affairs. The advertising generated by the freedom ride persuaded various Australians to vote for constitutional change in the 1967 referendum.
1966 noticed the Wave Hill strike about the exploitation of Gurindji people. Vincent Lingiari stated:
_" The issue on what we are protesting is nor purely economic nor personal but moral; on Aug, 1966 the Gurindji group decided to stop to live just like dogs". _
By camping on their traditional land for Wattie Creek the Gurindji were defying the law. This kind of strike progressed into a land claim for Daguragu. Gough Whitlam symbolically handed back their land in 75 when he added the dirt and grime into Lingiari's hand. This process is regarded as the beginning of the land privileges movement.
These types of events most contributed to the federal referendum conducted in 1967 to determine whether Radical people needs to be included in the countrywide census and whether the Earth Government needs to be given the energy to make laws and regulations for Aboriginal people. The referendum was approved by 85. 77% with the population, the greatest yes have your vote of all referendums.
The Referendum was a excellent win intended for the Original movement -- the movements for equality. This succeed gave nationality, which meant Aboriginal everyone was able to maneuver around freely, possess a choice in governments and ultimately have plans made by the Commonwealth government. Having the Authorities of Radical Affairs intended Aboriginals had a political voice foe the 1st time and some influence over the procedures that ruled them.
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